Eurasian Journal of Biosciences

Relationship between attitude, motivation, and workload with officers’ performance of finding leprosy patients early


Background: Leprosy is not only a complex issue. This study aimed to identify the impacts of attitude, motivation, and workload on officer performance in finding leprosy patients early. 
Methods: This research was a correlative study with cross-sectional approach. Total sampling was used as the sampling technique. The data were analyzed using frequency distribution and multiple linear regression test. 
Results: The performance of primary healthcare leprosy officers in making early leprosy findings was not good (<20%) due to the weak of attitude about the implementation of leprosy findings (B: 0.206). In addition, because of the weak motivation of the officers responsible for the implementation of leprosy findings, the performance of early leprosy findings was not good ≥20% (B: 0.488). The officers’s performance was not good <20% due to the low workload (B: 0.490).
Conclusion: Workload has the biggest impact compared to motivation and attitude.


  • Abeje, T., Negera, E., Kebede, E., Hailu, T., Hassen, I., Lema, T., ... & Beyene, D. (2016). Performance of general health workers in leprosy control activities at public health facilities in Amhara and Oromia States, Ethiopia. BMC health services research, 16(1), 122.
  • Amiruddin, Gagaring Pagalung, Kartini, and Arifuddin. 2019. “The Effects Of Time Pressure, Work-Family Conflict And Role Ambiguity On Work Stress And Its Effect On Audit Quality Reduction Behavior Amiruddin,.” International Journal of Law and Management.
  • Ariani, F., & Siregar, K. (2019, October). Determination of Total Labor Plant 1 using Workload Analysis (WLA) Method In Compound Fertilizer’s Industry. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 648, No. 1, p. 012015). IOP Publishing.
  • Cherian, J., & Jacob, J. (2013). Impact of self efficacy on motivation and performance of employees.
  • Eyanoer, P. C. (2018, March). Social acceptance and quality of life of leprosy patient. In IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science [Internet] (Vol. 125, No. 2018, pp. 1755-1315).
  • Fishbein, Martin, and Icek Ajzen. 2005. “The Influence of Attitudes on Behavior.” The Handbook of Attitudes (July):173–222.
  • Gibson, J., Ivancevich, J., & Konopaske, R. (2012). Organizations: Behavior, structure, processes. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.van den Hooff, Bart, Alexander P. Schouten, and Stojan Simonovski. 2012. “What One Feels and What One Knows: The Influence of Emotions on Attitudes and Intentions towards Knowledge Sharing.” Journal of Knowledge Management 16(1):148–58.
  • Kaehler, N., Adhikar, B., Raut, S., Marahatta, S. B., & Chapman, R. S. (2015). Perceived stigma towards leprosy among community members living close to Nonsomboon leprosy Colony in Thailand. PLoS one, 10(6), e0129086.
  • Kaikatuy, A., Pasinringi, S. A., & Jafar, N. (2018, June). Factors Related of Work Environment on Officials Work Satisfaction of Health Centers in Keerom Regency Papua Province in 2016. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Healthcare Service Management 2018 (pp. 52-56).
  • Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2015. Infodatin Kusta. Indonesia: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI 2017.
  • Lamak, M. K., & Kusnanto, K. (2014). Knowledge, Self Efficacy and Stress in Patient with Leprosy through Implementation of Support Group using Adaptation Theory. Jurnal Ners, 9(1), 49-58.
  • Mathis, R. .., and J. .. Jackson. 2010. Human Resource Management. 13th. United States of America: Joseph Sabatino Sr. Acquisitions.
  • Muchtar, M. 2016. “The Influence Of Motivation And Work Environment.” Sinergi 6(2):27–40.
  • Obiwuru, T. C., Okwu, A. T., Akpa, V. O., & Nwankwere, I. A. (2011). Effects of leadership style on organizational performance: A survey of selected small scale enterprises in Ikosi-Ketu council development area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Australian journal of business and management research, 1(7), 100.
  • Partogi, D., D. A. Dalimunthe, and C. P. Hazlianda. (2018). “A Study of Selenium in Leprosy.” Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences 6(3):485–87.
  • Riegel, B., Lee, C. S., & Dickson, V. V. (2011). Self care in patients with chronic heart failure. Nature reviews cardiology, 8(11), 644.
  • Rinaldi, A. (2005). “The Global Campaign to Eliminate Leprosy.” PLoS Medicine 2(12):1222–25.
  • Rino, & Rafika, N. A. (2017). “The Relation Leadership, Organization Culture and Work Motivation on Employees Performance.” in IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 180. Vol. 180. IOP Publishing.
  • Setiawan, V. B., & Wulandari, R. D.(2016). Subjective and Objective Workload Pharmaceutical Worker Outpatient in the Hospital. Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia, 4(1), 28-36.
  • Yusoff, W. F. W., Kian, T. S., & Idris, M. T. M. (2013). Herzberg’s two factors theory on work motivation: does its work for todays environment. Global journal of commerce and Management, 2(5), 18-22.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.