Eurasian Journal of Biosciences

Prevention of juvenile delinquency: social and legal aspects
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 5515-5521
  • Published Online: 15 Nov 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

The article aims at conducting a comprehensive analysis of causes and conditions that increase the number of offenses committed by minors in the Russian Federation. Based on the conclusions drawn, the authors promote a legislative initiative to establish a system of bodies having integrated competence and amend the current legislation to prevent juvenile delinquency. 
The study is based on a combination of scientific methods, including theoretical, general philosophical, traditional legal and other methods used in specific sociological studies. The authors highlight the system-structural method. In addition, they use a set of general philosophical methods and the method of generalization to achieve study results. 
As a result, the authors have concluded that minor and underage citizens are among the most vulnerable categories of Russian society because they are emotionally unstable and often aggressive. Statistical data demonstrate that minors dream of easy and quick enrichment through the commission of criminal acts since they are hardly to be held liable due to their age. It has been established that the increase in juvenile delinquency is conditioned by various political events in Russia. Thus, minors are often involved in terrorist acts, mass riots and other criminal acts. 
The study results will be useful for the Russian law enforcement agencies preventing juvenile delinquency and other institutions, including educational, holding lectures on such disciplines as “Criminal law” and “Administrative law” and conducting preventive educational activities with minors. 
The authors are the first scholars to focus on the main shortcomings in the prevention of juvenile delinquency and the interaction of bodies that should determine juvenile delinquency. They propose amendments to a unified regulatory system with due regard to the complex nature of implementing measures to prevent juvenile delinquency.

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