Eurasian Journal of Biosciences

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of various cognitive-behavioral therapies on reduction of ADHD syndrome. The research method was semi-experimental. The population of this study included all schoolchildren aged 7 to 12 years old who received diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and referred to psychiatric counseling clinics of Tehran city in November and December 2016. Out of this, 80 subjects were selected by cluster sampling method and available sampling. They were randomly assigned to three experimental and one control groups. The information was collected using Parental and Teacher’s ADHD Scale. To analyze the collected data, multivariate covariance test was used. The findings of this study showed that individual counseling has a significant effect on the reduction of ADHD syndrome in the parents scale and the teachers scale, and in all components of behavior in the class, participation and group collaboration, and attitude toward the power authorities, and reducing the syndrome of ADHD Also, the findings of this study showed that group counseling and parent education only affect the ADHD syndrome in the parent form and in the overall score of teacher form and also in the component of group collaboration and collaboration. Meanwhile, the findings of this study showed that there is no significant difference between the three methods of cognitive-behavioral therapy, namely, individual counseling, group counseling and parent education in reducing the syndrome of ADHD.

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