The state policy forms the scope of activities at the junction of a political and managerial orientation in the system of education. In accordance with the spheres and stakeholders, the goal is concretized in education according to a number of parameters. Education is proclaimed a priority field within the social sphere in the framework of the modern state policy of the Russian Federation. A specific character of understanding the essence of education underlies the state policy in this area of the society organization, at any stage of human development. Base interests of society, strategic needs of the relevant stage of the state’s development, expressed by political leaders and elites in the form of basic principles and strategic goals that have found appropriate public support underlie the foundation of the state policy development in the field of education. It is necessary to identify one more of the main components of state policy: the constant reform and modernization of the system of education, which is the dominant of the Russian education development throughout its history and, of course, in the period of 20th century analyzed by us. The reform of education is a complex process that is organized and controlled by the state agencies. Its necessity is recognized both at the public and at the state level.


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