A biological analysis of endocrine-disturbing chemicals in camel meat sector in Kazakhstan


Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) consist of a diverse group of industrial chemicals and pharmacological agents. The use of instrumental analyses as the first screening tool might not be cost-effective to identify the existence of enormous numbers of chemical contaminants in environments. Also, knowledge of the concentration of individual residues is difficult to use to evaluate biological impacts of contaminants to wildlife and humans. The primary objective of present paper is a biological analysis of camel meat status in Kazakhstan. After a post-independence decline linked to the restructuration of collective structures in agriculture and food sector, the camel sector increased regularly. The camel population increased annually by 0.5% on average since the independence, while camel meat production increased by 1.2%. The slaughtering rate appeared still high, but stable for 10 years. Camel meat represented 1% only of the total red meat consumed in the country but this proportion is increasing. Despite this growing interest for camel meat, the sector is not organized in Kazakhstan. Despite recent initiatives in big towns the breeding is still traditional, and the consumption is essentially rural. Moreover, there are very few processing and no standard regarding this meat. The perspectives of development require however, the establishment of formal rules.



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